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澳门澳门澳门精准大全:2020英语备课资料:高考英语真题分项详解 专题02阅读理解之记叙文和议论文2020

澳门澳门澳门精准大全: 录入者:lgr  人气指数: 次  发布时间:2020年10月19日

专题02阅读理解之记叙文2020年】

1.2020·新课标D

I have a special place in my heart for libraries. I have for as long as I can remember. I was always an enthusiastic reader, sometimes reading up to three books a day as a child. Stories were like air to me and while other kids played ball or went to parties, I lived out adventures through the books I checked out from the library.

My first job was working at the Ukiah Library when I was 16 years old .It was a dream job and I did everything from shelving books to reading to the children for story time.

As I grew older and became a mother, the library took on a new place and an added meaning in my life. I had several children and books were our main source(来源) of entertainment. It was a big deal for us to load up and go to the local library, where my kids could pick out books to read or books they wanted me to read to them.

I always read ,using different voices ,as though I were acting out the stories with my voice and they loved it !It was a special time to bond with my children and it filled them with the wonderment of books .

Now, I see my children taking their children to the library and I love that the excitement of going to the library lives on form generation to generation.

As a novelist, I’ve found a new relationship with libraries. I encourage readers to go to their local library when they can’t afford to purchase a book. I see libraries as a safe haven(避风港) for readers and writers, a bridge that helps put together a reader with a book. Libraries, in their own way, help fight book piracy(盗版行为) and 1 think all writers should support libraries in a significant way when they can. Encourage readers to use the library. Share library announcements on your social media. Frequent them and talk about them when you can.

32. Which word best describes the author’s relationship with books as a child?

A. Cooperative.?????????? B. Uneasy.????????????????????????? C. Inseparable.??????????????????? D. Casual.

33. What does the underlined phrase “an added meaning” in paragraph 3 refer to?

A. Pleasure from working in the library.

B. Joy of reading passed on in the family.

C. Wonderment from acting out the stories.

D. A closer bond developed with the readers.

34. What does the author call on other writers to do?

A. Sponsor book fairs.?????????????????????????????????????????? B. Write for social media.

C. Support libraries.????????????????????????????????????????????? D. Purchase her novels.

35. Which can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Reading: A Source of Knowledge

B. My Idea about writing

C. Library: A Haven for the Young

D. My Love of the Library

【答案】32. C??? 33. B??? 34. C??? 35. D

【解析】

本文是夹叙夹议文。文章讲述了作者是一个热情的读者,孩提时热衷读书,第一份工作在图书馆。有了孩子以后,一家人去图书馆读书,阅读的习惯代代传承下去。作为小说家,作者呼吁其他作家支持图书馆,宣传图书馆。

32.推理判断题。根据第一段的 I was always an enthusiastic reader,sometimes reading up to three books a day as a child. Stories were like air to me and while other kids played ball or went to parties. I lived out adventures through the books I checked out from the library.(我一直是一个热情的读者,孩提时,有时候每天读多达三本书。故事对我来说就像空气,而其他孩子则打球或参加聚会。我通过从图书馆借阅来的书籍经历冒险)可推断,作者小时候与书是密不可分的。故选C。

33.词句猜测题。根据上文As I grew older and became a mother可知,我长大了成了一位母亲,结合下文I had several children and books were our main source (来源) of entertainment. It was a big deal for us to load up and go to the local library, where my kids could pick out books to read or books they wanted me to read to them(我有几个孩子,书是我们娱乐的主要来源。对于我们来说,坐上车去当地的图书馆是件大事,在那里我的孩子们可以挑选要阅读的书或者想让我给他们读的书)可推断,作者成了母亲以后,带着孩子去图书馆,孩子挑选书籍来阅读,或者作者读给他们听,因此可知图书馆在作者的生活中又增添了新的意义,阅读的乐趣在家庭中代代相传。故选B。

34.细节理解题。根据最后一段的I think all writers should support libraries in a significant way when they can. Encourage readers to use the library. Share library announcements on your social media. Frequent them and talk about them when you can.( 我认为所有的作家都应该在他们可以的时候以有意义的方式支持图书馆。鼓励读者使用图书馆。在社交媒体上分享图书馆公告。可以的时候常去图书馆,谈论图书馆)可推断,作者呼吁其他的作家们支持图书馆。故选C。

35.主旨大意题。纵观全文可知,文章讲述了作者是一名热情地读者,孩提时喜欢阅读,工作在图书馆。有了孩子以后,一家人去图书馆读书,阅读的习惯代代传承下去,作为小说家,作者呼吁其他作家支持图书馆,宣传图书馆。因此推断全文围绕作者对图书馆的爱展开讲述。故D我对图书馆的爱为最佳标题。故选D。

2.2020·江苏卷)A

Some important ? dates in China’s fighting Covid-19 before May 7,2020

Jan 20, 2020~ ? Feb 20,2020

Jan 23: Wuhan ? declared temporary outbound (向外的) traffic restrictions.

Jan 24: ? National medical teams began to be sent to Hubei and wuhan.

Jan 27: The ? Central Steering (指导) Group arrived in Wuhan.

Feb 18: The ? daily number of newly cured and discharged (出院) patients exceeded that ? of the newly confirmed cases.

Feb 21, 2020~ ? Mar 17,2020

Feb 21: Most ? provinces and equivalent administrative units started to lower their public ? health emergency response level.

Feb 24: The ? WHO-China Joint Mission on Covid-19 held a press conference in Beijing.

Mar 11-17: The ? epidemic (流行病) peak had passed in China as a whole.

Mar 18,2020 ? ~Apr 28,2020

Apr1: Chinese ? customs began NAT (核酸检测) on inbound arrivals at all points of entry.

Apr 8: Wuhan ? lifted outbound traffic restrictions.

Apr 26: The ? last Covid-19 patient in Wuhan was discharged from hospital.

Apr 29, 2020~ ? May 7,2020

Apr 30: The ? public health emergency response was lowered to Level 2 in the ? Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.

May 7: The ? State Council released Guidelines on Conducting Covid-19 Prevention and ? Control on an Ongoing Basis.

?56. What happened between January 20 and February 20?

A. The Central Steering Group arrived in Wuhan.

B. The WHO-China Joint Mission on Covid-19 held a press conference.

C. The last Covid-19 patient in Wuhan was discharged from hospital.

D. Beijing lowered its emergency response level.

57. From which date were private cars allowed to go out of Wuhan?

A. January 23.???????????? B. March 11.?????????????????????? C. April 8.????????????????????????? D. May 7.

【答案】56. A??? 57. C

【解析】

这是一篇记叙文。文章主要介绍了202057日前,中国抗击新冠肺炎的重要日期。

56.细节理解题。根据表格中Jan20, 2020-Feb 20,2020部分 Jan27: The Central Steering (指导) Group arrived in Wuhan.可知,在一月二十号到二月二十号之间,中央领导小组抵达武汉。故选A。

57.推理判断题。根据表格中Mar18, 2020-Apr28, 2020部分Apr 8: Wuhan lifted outbound traffic restrictions(48:武汉取消出境交通限制)可推知,从四月八日起,私家车被允许离开武汉。故选C。

3.2020·江苏卷)D

I was in the middle of the Amazon (亚马逊) with my wife, who was there as a medical researcher. We flew on a small plane to a faraway village. We did not speak the local language, did not know the customs, and more often than not, did not entirely recognize the food. We could not have felt more foreign.

We were raised on books and computers, highways and cell phones, but now we were living in a village without running water or electricity It was easy for us to go to sleep at the end of the day feeling a little misunderstood.

Then one perfect Amazonian evening, with monkeys calling from beyond the village green, we played soccer. I am not good at soccer, but that evening it was wonderful. Everyone knew the rules. We all spoke the same language of passes and shots. We understood one another perfectly. As darkness came over the field and the match ended, the goal keeper, Juan, walked over to me and said in a matter-of-fact way, “In your home, do you have a moon too?” I was surprised.

After I explained to Juan that yes, we did have a moon and yes, it was very similar to his, I felt a sort of awe (敬畏) at the possibilities that existed in his world. In Juan’s world, each village could have its own moon. In Juan’s world. the unknown and undiscovered was vast and marvelous. Anything was possible.

In our society, we know that Earth has only one moon. We have looked at our planet from every angle and found all of the wildest things left to find. I can, from my computer at home, pull up satellite images of Juan’s village. There are no more continents and no more moons to search for, little left to discover. At least it seems that way.

Yet, as I thought about Juan’s question, I was not sure how much more we could really rule out. I am, in part, an ant biologist, so my thoughts turned to what we know about insect life and I knew that much in the world of insects remains unknown. How much, though? How ignorant? (无知的) are we? The question of what we know and do not know constantly bothered me.

I began collecting newspaper articles about new species, new monkey, new spider…, and on and on they appear. My drawer quickly filled. I began a second drawer for more general discoveries: new cave system discovered with dozens of nameless species, four hundred species of bacteria found in the human stomach. The second drawer began to fill and as it did I wondered whether there were bigger discoveries out there, not just species, but life that depends on things thought to be useless, life even without DNA. I started a third drawer for these big discoveries. It fills more slowly, but all the same, it fills.

In looking into the stories of biological discovery, I also began to find something else, a collection of scientists, usually brilliant occasionally half-mad, who made the discoveries. Those scientists very often see the same things that other scientists see, but they pay more attention to them, and they focus on them to the point of exhaustion (穷尽), and at the risk of the ridicule of their peers. In looking for the stories of discovery, I found the stories of these people and how their lives changed our view of the world.

We are repeatedly willing to imagine we have found most of what is left to discover. We used to think that insects were the smallest organisms (生物), and that nothing lived deeper than six hundred meters. Yet, when something new turns up, more often than not, we do not even know its name.

65. How did the author feel on his arrival in the Amazon?

A. Out of place.?????????? B. Full of joy.???????????????????? C. Sleepy.????????????????????????? D. Regretful.

66. What made that Amazonian evening wonderful?

A. He learned more about the local language.

B. They had a nice conversation with each other.

C. They understood each other while playing.

D. He won the soccer game with the goal keeper.

67. Why was the author surprised at Juan’s question about the moon?

A. The question was too straightforward.

B. Juan knew so little about the world.

C. The author didn’t know how to answer.

D. The author didn’t think Juan was sincere.

68. What was the author’s initial purpose of collecting newspaper articles?

A. To sort out what we have known.

B. To deepen his research into Amazonians.

C. To improve his reputation as a biologist.

D. To learn more about local cultures.

69. How did those brilliant scientists make great discoveries?

A. They shifted their viewpoints frequently.

B. They followed other scientists closely.

C. They often criticized their fellow scientists.

D. They conducted in-depth and close studies.

70. What could be the most suitable title for the passage?

A. The Possible and the Impossible .

B. The Known and the Unknown .

C. The Civilized and the Uncivilized .

D. The Ignorant and the Intelligent.

【答案】65. A??? 66. C??? 67. B??? 68. A??? 69. D??? 70. B

【解析】这是一篇夹叙夹议文。作者和妻子来到了亚马逊,妻子是一名医学研究者。一踏上这里,作者感到非常不适应,通过与当地人的接触,作者了解一些人对外部的世界并不了解。在生物多样性发现的过程中,作者意识到,很多东西是人类已知的,还有很多是人类未知的。

65.推理判断题。根据第一段“We didn’t speak the local language, did not know the customs and more often than not, didn’t entirely recognize the food. We couldn’t have felt more foreign.”可知,我们不会说当地的语言,不了解当地的风俗习惯,而且往往我们不能完全认识食物,我们感觉非常陌生。由此可知,作者一到达亚马逊感觉格格不入。故选A项。

66.细节理解题。根据第三段“Everyone knew the rules. We all spoke the same language of passes and shots. We understood one another perfectly.”可知,每个人都知道规则,在传球和射门方面,我们说着同样的语言,彼此非常了解。由此可知,踢球时他们的彼此理解使得他们的亚马逊夜晚很美好。故选C项。

67.推理判断题。根据第四段“In Juan’s world, the unknown and undiscovered was vast and marvelous.”可知,在胡安的世界里,未知的东西和未被发现的东西是浩瀚而神奇的。由此判断,胡安对这个世界知之甚少。故选B项。

68.推理判断题。根据第七段“I began collecting newspaper articles about new species, new spider...,and on and on they appear, my drawer quickly filled, I began a second drawer for more general discoveries: new cave system discovered with dozens of nameless species ...I started a third drawer for these big discoveries.”可知,我开始收集报纸上关于新物种、新蜘蛛的文章……它们源源不断地出现,我的抽屉很快就填满了。我开始用第二个抽屉来储存更普遍的发现:在新的洞穴系统发现了几十个无名的物种……我还为这些重大发现准备了第三个抽屉。由此判断,作者收集报纸文章的初始目的是为了分类我们所知道的事情。故选A项。

69.细节理解题。根据倒数第二段“but they pay more attention to them ,and they focus on them to the point of exhaustion ,and at the risk of the ridicule of their peers.”可知,但他们更多地关注这些发现,他们把注意力集中在这些发现上直到精疲力竭的地步,冒着被同龄人嘲笑的风险。由此可知,杰出的科学家进行深入细致的研究,做出重大的发现。故选D项。

70.主旨大意题。通读全文可知,作者和妻子来到了亚马逊。一踏上这里,作者感到非常不适应,通过与当地人的接触,作者了解到一些人对外部的世界并不了解。在对这里的风土人情和多样化生物的研究过程中,作者提高了认识,意识到很多东西是人类已知的,还有很多是人类未知的。所以短文的最佳标题为已知和未知的事物。故选B项。

4.2020·山东卷)B

Jenifer Mauer has needed more willpower than the typical college student to pursue her goal of earning a nursing degree. That willpower bore fruit when Jennifer graduated from University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire and became the first in her large family to earn a bachelor's degree.

Mauer, of Edgar, Wisconsin, grew up on a farm in a family of 10 children. Her dad worked at a job away from the farm, and her mother ran the farm with the kids. After high school, Jennifer attended a local technical college, working to pay her tuition(学费), because there was no extra money set aside for a college education. After graduation, she worked to help her sisters and brothers pay for their schooling.

Jennifer now is married and has three children of her own. She decided to go back to college to advance her career and to be able to better support her family while doing something she loves: nursing. She chose the UW-Eau Claire program at Ministry Saint Joseph's Hospital in Marshfield because she was able to pursue her four-year degree close to home. She could drive to class and be home in the evening to help with her kids. Jenifer received great support from her family as she worked to earn her degree: Her husband worked two jobs to cover the bills, and her 68-year-old mother helped take care of the children at times.

Through it all, she remained in good academic standing and graduated with honors. Jennifer sacrificed(牺牲)to achieve her goal, giving up many nights with her kids and missing important events to study. ''Some nights my heart was breaking to have to pick between my kids and studying for exams or papers,'' she says. However, her children have learned an important lesson witnessing their mother earn her degree. Jennifer is a first-generation graduate and an inspiration to her family-and that's pretty powerful.

4. What did Jennifer do after high school?

A. She helped her dad with his work.

B. She ran the family farm on her own.

C. She supported herself through college.

D. She taught her sisters and brothers at home.

5. Why did Jennifer choose the program at Ministry Saint Joseph's Hospital in Marshfield?

A. To take care of her kids easily.??????????????????????????? B. To learn from the best nurses.

C. To save money for her parents.?????????????????????????? D. To find a well-paid job there.

6. What did Jennifer sacrifice to achieve her goal?

A. Her health.????????????????????????????????????????????????????? B. Her time with family.

C. Her reputation.???????????????????????????????????????????????? D. Her chance of promotion.

7. What can we learn from Jenifer's story?

A. Time is money.???????????????????????????????????????????????? B. Love breaks down barriers.

C. Hard work pays off.????????????????????????????????????????? D. Education is the key to success.

【答案】4. C??? 5. A??? 6. B??? 7. C

【解析】

这是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲述了Jennifer在家里不能提供大学教育的情况下,通过自己的努力,以及家人的帮助完成了四年学位。她的努力不仅让自己以优异的成绩毕业,还给家人,尤其是她的三个孩子树立了榜样,让他们得到了激励。

4.细节理解题。根据第二段的After high school, Jennifer attended a local technical college, working to pay her tuition, because there was no extra money set aside for a college education.(高中毕业后,Jennifer上了一所当地的技术学院来支付她的学费,因为家里没有额外的钱用来支付大学教育)可知,高中毕业后Jennifer通过自己挣钱来完成大学教学,因为家里没有额外的钱。C. She supported herself through college.(她自食其力读完了大学)符合以上说法,故选C项。

5.细节理解题。根据第三段的She chose the UW-Eau Claire program at Misnistry Saint Joseph’s Hospital in Marshfield because she was able to pursue her four-year degree close to home. She could drive to class and be home in the evening to help with her kids.(她选择了位于马什菲尔德的圣约瑟夫医院的UW-Eau Claire项目,因为她可以在离家近的地方攻读四年的学位。她可以开车去上课,晚上可以回家照顾孩子)可知,Jennifer选择位于马什菲尔德的圣约瑟夫医院的UW-Eau Claire项目是因为离家近,这样便于照顾她的三个孩子。A. To take care of her kids easily.(为了方便照顾她的孩子)符合以上说法,故选A项。

6.细节理解题。根据最后一段的Jennifer sacrificed to achieve her goal, giving up many nights with her kids and missing important events to study.(Jennifer为了实现自己的目标牺牲了很多,她放弃了很多个和孩子待在一起的晚上,错过了很多重要的活动)可知,为了实现自己的目标Jennifer放弃了和家人待在一起的时光。B. Her time with family.(她与家人的时光)符合以上说法,故选B项。

7.推理判断题。根据最后一段的Through it all, she remind in good academic standing and graduated with honors.(虽然经历了这些,但她一直保持着良好的学术地位,并以优异的成绩毕业)However, her children have learned an important lesson witnessing their mother earn her degree. Jennifer is a first-generation graduate and an inspiration to her family-and that’s the pretty powerful.(然而,她的孩子们在见证母亲获得学位的过程中得到了重要的一课。Jennifer是第一代毕业生,这对她的家庭来说是一种激励--这是非常强大的。)可知,Jennifer在艰苦的环境中通过自己的努力不仅以优异的成绩毕业,还给孩子树立了榜样,同时也让家人得到了激励。由此推测,我们可以从Jennifer的故事中学到:努力总会有回报。C. Hard work pays off.(努力会得到回报)符合以上说法,故选C项。

5.2020·山东卷)C

In the mid-1990s, Tom Bissell taught English as a volunteer in Uzbekistan. He left after seven months, physically broken and having lost his mind. A few years later, still attracted to the country, he returned to Uzbekistan to write an article about the disappearance of the Aral Sea.

His visit, however, ended up involving a lot more than that. Hence this book, Chasing the Sea: Lost Among the Ghosts of Empire in Central Asia, which talks about a road trip from Tashkent to Karakalpakstan, where millions of lives have been destroyed by the slow drying up of the sea. It is the story of an American travelling to a strange land, and of the people he meets on his way: Rustam, his translator, a lovely 24-year-old who picked up his colorful English in California, Oleg and Natasha, his hosts in Tashkent, and a string of foreign aid workers.

This is a quick look at life in Uzbekistan, made of friendliness and warmth, but also its darker side of society. In Samarkand, Mr Bissell admires the architectural wonders, while on his way to Bukhara he gets a taste of police methods when suspected of drug dealing. In Ferghana, he attends a mountain funeral(葬礼)followed by a strange drinking party. And in Karakalpakstan, he is saddened by the dust storms, diseases and fishing boats stuck miles from the sea.

Mr Bissell skillfully organizes historical insights and cultural references, making his tale a well-rounded picture of Uzbekistan, seen from Western eyes. His judgment and references are decidedly American, as well as his delicate stomach. As the author explains, this is neither a travel nor a history book, or even a piece of reportage. Whatever it is, the result is a fine and vivid description of the purest of Central Asian traditions.

8. What made Mr Bissell return to Uzbekistan?

A. His friends' invitation.?????????????????????????????????????? B. His interest in the country.

C. His love for teaching.??????????????????????????????????????? D. His desire to regain health.

9. What does the underlined word “that” in paragraph 2 refer to?

A Developing a serious mental disease.

B. Taking a guided tour in Central Asia.

C. Working as a volunteer in Uzbekistan.

D. Writing an article about the Aral Sea.

10. Which of the following best describes Mr Bissell's road trip in Uzbekistan?

A. Romantic.?????????????? B. Eventful.??????????????????????? C. Pleasant.??????????????????????? D. Dangerous.

11. What is the purpose of this text?

A. To introduce a book.???????????????????????????????????????? B. To explain a cultural phenomenon.

C. To remember a writer.?????????????????????????????????????? D. To recommend a travel destination.

【答案】8. B??? 9. D??? 10. B??? 11. A

【解析】

本文是记叙文。文章讲述了Bissell写的《追逐大海:迷失在中亚帝国的幽灵》这本书。这本书是Bissell在乌兹别克斯坦做志愿者后写的,是对乌兹别克斯坦人生活的一个快速观察。

8.细节理解题。根据第一段的”A few years later, still attracted to the country. he returned to Uzbekistan to write an article about the disappearance of the Ara Sea”可知,几年后,Bissell仍然被这个国家所吸引。他回到乌兹别克斯坦写了一篇关于咸海消失的文章。因此推断出对这个国家的兴趣让Bissell先生再次返回乌兹别克斯坦。故选B。

9.词句猜测题。划线句是第二段首句,that用来指代上文提的事情,因此推断that指代第一段的内容,根据第一段最后一句”A few years later, still attracted to the country, he returned to Uzbekistan to write an article about the disappearance of the Aral Sea(几年后,仍然被这个国家所吸引。他回到乌兹别克斯坦写了一篇关于咸海消失的文章)”可知,that指代写了一篇关于死海消失的文章这件事,故选D。

10.推理判断题。根据第三段”This is a quick look at life in Uzbekistan, made of friendliness and warmth, but also its darker side of society. In Samarkand, Mr Bissell admires the architectural wonders, while on his way to Bukhara he gets a taste of police methods when suspected of drug dealing. In Ferghana, he attends a mountain funeral(葬礼)followed by a strange drinking party. And in Karakalpakstan, he is saddened by the dust storms, diseases and fishing boats stuck miles from the sea.”可知,在乌兹别克斯坦的旅途中,Mr Bissell既体会到了友善和温暖,也看到了社会的黑暗面。在撒马尔罕,Mr Bissell欣赏到了的建筑奇观。在前往布哈拉的路上,他因为被怀疑进行毒品交易,他尝到了警察的伎俩。在费尔干纳,他参加了一个山区葬礼,然后参加了一个奇怪的酒会。在卡拉卡尔帕克斯坦,他为沙尘暴、疾病和被困在数英里外的渔船而难过。由此可知,在旅途中,他经历了很多事情。结合选项,B选项(充满事件的,多事的)可以表达此意。故选B。

11.推理判断题。文章第一段提到书的作者的乌兹别克斯坦之行,引出他写的书,接下来三段讲述了他的书《追逐大海:迷失在中亚帝国的幽灵》的故事内容,是乌兹别克斯坦生活的一个快速观察。因此推断本文的写作目的是介绍一本书。故选A。

6.2020·天津卷)B

“They tell me that you’d like to make a statue(塑像) of me-is that correct, Miss Vinnie Ream?”

The deep, gentle voice helped calm the nervous girl. Asking a favor of the President of the United States was no casual matter, especially for a seventeen-year-old girl.

“Yes, sir,” she replied, her dark eyes meeting his. “I wouldn’t have duo ask you, but my teacher, Mr. Mills, says I am ready. I plan to make it in an admirable manner. “

President Lincoln smiled. “Painters, sculptors-they’ve all tried to make the best of this ordinary face, but I’m afraid there’s not much hope. What did you have in mind, Miss Ream? A bust(半身像)?”

Before Vinnie could say yes, the President hurried on, a shade of apology in his voice.

“Of course-I shouldn’t have asked. A full-length pose would be much too big a project for a young woman your size. “

Vinnie’s face turned red. She realized she looked like a child, with her tiny figure. “Small does not mean weak, sir,” she defended herself. “I was born in the country of Wisconsin. I’ve driven teams of horses and carried water. Making a full-length clay(粘土) figure would not exhaust my strength-and that is what I intend to do!”

The President’s eyes, brightened at her show of spirit. “Sorry, madam, I have underestimated you as I didn’t know your background.”

But his smile faded as he rubbed his beard with bony fingers, in thought. “Miss Ream,” he sighed, “I’d like to let you do it, but as you know, we are in the middle of a war. How could I possibly take the time to pose for a sculpture now? I hardly have a minute to myself.”

Vinnie glanced around and noted the size of his office. “I work quickly,” she said. Her voice was soft but confident as she pointed to the corner near the windows. “If I were to bring my clay here and work for three hours every afternoon, I could complete most of the project while you are at your desk.”

The President seemed to consider her idea seriously. He got up and shook Vinnie’s hand warmly, “I’ve heard that you are a talented young woman, and I have found you charming and intelligent as well. I cannot make my decision immediately, but you will hear from me soon.”

The very next day, Vinnie received an invitation from the President.

41. What gave Vinnie confidence to make her request of President Lincoln?

A. Her aggressive personality.

B. Mr. Mills’s encouraging remark.

C. President Lincoln’s gentle voice.

D. Her interest in a challenging job.

42. How did President Lincoln first respond to Vinnie’s request?

A. Pleased.

B. Thrilled.

C. Regretful.

D. Doubtful.

43. Vinnie confirmed her ability to make a full-length statue by highlighting ______.

A. her experience from other projects

B. her innocent childhood in the country

C. the heavy labor she had done before

D. the skill she picked up in Wisconsin

44. Vinnie wanted to choose the corner near the windows to ______.

A. achieve effects of natural lighting

B. keep all her tools within easy reach

C. observe the President at a right angle

D. avoid disturbing the president’s work

45. What message does the story convey?

A. A strong-willed soul can reach his goal.

B. Experience helps to promote excellence.

C. Ups and downs make one strong.

D. Devotion requires enthusiasm.

【答案】41. B??? 42. D??? 43. C??? 44. D??? 45. A

【解析】

这是一篇记叙文。文章主要记叙了Vinnie Ream向林肯总统提出给他做一个全身雕像的请求,一开始林肯总统对此表示怀疑,在Vinnie的不断努力争取后,最终第二天Vinnie收到了林肯总统的邀请。

41.细节理解题。根据第三段中的“I wouldn't have dared to ask you, but my teacher, Mr. Mills, says I am ready. I plan to make it in an admirable manner. “可知,我本来不敢问你,但我的老师Mills先生说我准备好了。我打算用一种令人钦佩的方式来做这件事。由此可知,Mills先生的话给了Vinnie向林肯总统提出要求的底气。故选B。

42.推理判断题。根据第五段中的“Of course- I shouldn't have asked. A full-length pose would be much too big a project for a young woman your size.”可知,当然-我不应该问的。对于你这种身材的年轻女性来说,全身雕像太大了。由此可推知,林肯总统首先对Vinnie的请求表示怀疑。故选D。

43.细节理解题。根据第六段中的“I've driven teams of horses and carried water. Making a full-length clay figure would not exhaust my strength-and this is what I intend to do!”可知,我赶过马队,提过水。做一个全身雕像不会耗尽我的力量-我还正想这样呢!此可知,Vinnie通过强调她以前所做的繁重劳动,证实了她有能力制作一个全身雕像。故选C。

44.推理判断题。根据倒数第四段中的“Miss Ream,” he sighed, “I'd like to let you do it, but as you know, we are in the middle of a war. How could I possibly take the time to pose for a sculpture now? I hardly have a minute to myself. “可知,总统提到自己没有时间摆姿势来让Vinnie做雕像。根据倒数第三段中的“Vinnie glanced around and noted the size of his office. “I work quickly,” she said. Her voice was soft but confident as she pointed to the corner near the windows. “If I were to bring my clay here and work for three hours every afternoon, I could complete most of the project while you are at your desk.”可知,Vinnie环顾四周,注意到了他办公室的大小。我干得很快,她说。她指着靠近窗户的那个角落,声音柔和而自信。如果我把我的粘土带到这里来,每天下午工作三个小时,我就可以在你办公的时候完成大部分的项目。由此可推知,上文中总统提到自己没有时间摆姿势来让Vinnie做雕像,于是Vinnie想选择靠近窗户的角落,是为了避免干扰总统的工作。故选D。

45.推理判断题。根据文章主要记叙了Vinnie Ream向林肯总统提出给他做一个全身雕像的请求,一开始林肯总统对此表示怀疑,在Vinnie的不断努力争取后,最终第二天Vinnie收到了林肯总统的邀请。由此可推知,这个故事表达了意志坚强的人能达到目标的思想。故选A。

7.2020·天津卷)D

After years of observing human nature, I have decided that two qualities make the difference between men of great achievement and men of average performance curiosity and discontent. I have never known an outstanding man who lacked either. And I have never known an average man who had both. The two belong together.

Together, these deep human urges (驱策力) count for much more that ambition. Galileo was not merely ambitious when he dropped objects of varying weights from the Leaning Tower at Pisa and timed their fall to the ground. Like Galileo, all the great names in history were curious and asked in discontent, “Why? Why? Why?”

Fortunately, curiosity and discontent don’t have to be learned. We are born with them and need only recapture them.

“The great man,” said Mencius (孟子), “is he who does not lose his child’s heart.” Yet most of us do lose it. We stop asking questions. We stop challenging custom. We just follow the crowd. And the crowd desires restful average. It encourages us to occupy our own little corner, to avoid foolish leaps into the dark, to be satisfied.

Most of us meet new people, and new ideas, with hesitation. But once having met and liked them, we think how terrible it would have been, had we missed the chance. We will probably have to force ourselves to waken our curiosity and discontent and keep them awake.

How should you start? Modestly, so as not to become discouraged. I think of one friend who couldn’t arrange flowers to satisfy herself. She was curious about how the experts did it. How she is one of the experts, writing books on flower arrangement.

One way to begin is to answer your own excuses. You haven’t any special ability? Most people don’t; there are only a few geniuses. You haven’t any time? That’s good?because it’s always the people with no time who get things done. Harriet Stowe, mother of six, wrote parts of Uncle Tom’s Cabin while cooking. You’re too old? Remember that Thomas Costain was 57 when he published his first novel, and that Grandma Moses showed her first pictures when she was 78.

However you start, remember there is no better time to start than right now, for you’ll never be more alive than you are at this moment.

51. In writing Paragraph 1, the author aims to ________.

A. propose a definition

B. make a comparison

C. reach a conclusion

D. present an argument

52. What does the example of Galileo tell us?

A. Trial and error leads to the finding of truth.

B. Scientists tend to be curious and ambitious.

C. Creativity results from challenging authority.

D. Greatness comes from a lasting desire to explore.

53. What can you do to recapture curiosity and discontent?

A. Observe the unknown around you.

B. Develop a questioning mind.

C. Lead a life of adventure.

D. Follow the fashion.

54. What can we learn from Paragraphs 6 and 7?

A. Gaining success helps you become an expert.

B. The genius tends to get things done creatively.

C. Lack of talent and time is no reason for taking no action.

D. You should remain modest when approaching perfection.

55. What could be the best tile or the passage?

A. Curious Minds Never Feel Contented

B. Reflections on Human Nature

C. The Keys to Achievement

D. Never Too Late to Learn

【答案】51. D??? 52. D??? 53. B??? 54. C??? 55. C

【解析】

本文是一篇议论文。文章论述了获得成就的两个关键因素——好奇心和不满足。

51.推理判断题。根据第一段内容After years of observing human nature, I have decided that two qualities make the difference between men of great achievement and men of average performance curiosity and discontent. I have never known an outstanding man who lacked either. And I have never known an average man who had both. The two belong together.可知,作者经过多年对人性的观察,认为成就非凡的人和平庸的人的区别在于好奇心和不满足,而且两者是相辅相成的。由此推知,作者写第一段的目的是提出一个论点。故选D。

52.推理判断题。根据第二段中的Like Galileo, all the great names in history were curious and asked in discontent, “Why? Why? Why?”可知,像伽利略一样,历史上所有的伟人都感到好奇,并不满地问:为什么?为什么?为什么?由此推知,伽利略的例子告诉我们,伟大来自于持久的探索欲望。故选D。

53.细节理解题。根据第二段中的Like Galileo, all the great names in history were curious and asked in discontent, “Why? Why? Why?”及第四段中的“The great man,” said Mencius (孟子), “is he who does not lose his child’s heart.” Yet most of us do lose it. We stop asking questions. We stop challenging custom. We just follow the crowd.可知,历史上所有的伟人都感到好奇,并不满地问:为什么?为什么?为什么?孟子认为不失去孩子的心,就是伟大的人。然而,我们大多数人确实失去了它。我们不再问问题。我们不再挑战习俗。我们只是随大流。由此可知,你可以通过培养了一个善于提问的头脑,来重新获得好奇心和不满。故选B。

54.推理判断题。根据第六段中的How she is one of the experts, writing books on flower arrangement.及第七段中的You haven’t any special ability? Most people don’t; there are only a few geniuses. You haven’t any time? That’s good, because it’s always the people with no time who get things done.以及列举了Thomas Costain57岁时出版了他的第一部小说,Grandma Moses78岁时展示了她的第一批照片。由此可知,这两段想告诉我们缺乏天赋和时间不是不采取行动的理由。故选C。

55.主旨大意题。根据第一段内容After years of observing human nature, I have decided that two qualities make the difference between men of great achievement and men of average performance curiosity and discontent. I have never known an outstanding man who lacked either. And I have never known an average man who had both. The two belong together.及下文论述可知,本文主要论述了获得成就的两个关键因素——好奇心和不满足。由此可知,CThe Keys to Achievement(成就的关键)适合做本文最佳标题。故选C。

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